Liberal America and the Third World: Political Development Ideas in Foreign Aid and Social Science

Two hundred years ago, in the era of Enlightenment, liberalism became a pinnacle, which promised a bright future. Indeed, in the last decades, liberalism began to turn into political practice, which, adopting free-market principles and globalization, political correctness and tolerance, brings prosperity to most citizens.

Third world countries

Traditionally, the world has long been divided into groups of countries. There are first world, second world, and third world countries.

First world countries are considered the most educated, civilized, cultural countries in which everything is streamlined, with rapid development of technology. In context of education, you are encouraged to take a look at this link to learn about secrets behind world’s most mysterious books.

Second world countries are those where there is some central planning in cities, but there is often no novelty and luxury. The population is not always well educated but it is quite clever and savvy having access to some basic blessings of civilization like water, light, and communication means.

Third world countries include a huge number of countries, which are highly diverse in principle. They are united by primitiveness and sluggishness of a local population (a hallmark of such countries is to shout “hello” at the sight of a foreigner and poke fingers at them, which is not accepted in first and second worlds). Citizens have quite undeveloped communication, technical, and even writing or reading skills, which they use for their work in coursework writing service. Villages are often characterized by medieval poverty and primitivism, and cities are chaotic with clogged sellers sidewalks, dirty yards, and crowded streets. Education and economic growth in such countries are often a problem.

Foreign aid of the US toward third world countries

A foreign aid is an official policy of the United States carried out through channels of international organizations and on a bilateral basis, with a view to promoting an economic and political development of Third World countries based on America’s socio-economic and political model.

Its concept appeared at stage of a collapse of colonial empires and acquisition of independence by Asia and Africa. America as a whole supported the aim of newly independent states for development, hoping to prevent a spread of communist ideology in Third World with their help.

The second task of liberal America’s policy of foreign aid was to adjust an evolution of Third World countries according to American models, which should guarantee political conflict-free relations in America’s cooperation with developing states, and also ensure the political and economic dominance of developed countries in the world.

The foreign aid is provided to Third World countries in different forms, but conceptually, such aid programs funded by America are based on priorities formulated by the development theory. Today such priorities include ensuring the rule of law, promoting the democratic development of society, creating a small private sector, ensuring basic needs of the population.

The American development theory originated in framework of not economic, but political science and, at the initial stage, was based on concepts of social transformation. The developmental theory was based on paradigm of social evolution of classical sociology, the movement of society in its development from simple to complex, higher forms. The theory of development proceeds from recognition of America as the highest form of development. Direction of movement toward American models was formulated differently by different authors: movement from status to contract (G. Main), a transition from traditional power forms to rational bureaucracy (M. Weber), progress from mechanical to organic solidarity (E. Durkheim ).

All modern programs of foreign aid are, to some degree, aimed at resolving political tasks: spreading democracy, improving governance, developing civil society, fighting corruption, and so on.

Characteristic in this regard is an activity of American Millennium Challenge Corporation, established in 2004. The strategy for new state corporation was formulated as “the combination of a more meaningful contribution by developed states to greater responsibility of developing states.”

MCC provides economic and social aid to developing countries in form of grants, provided that they demonstrate desire for economic growth. Namely, openness to foreign investment, rule of law, inviolability of private property, improve a system of public administration, win or substantially reduce corruption, help for needs of the population, not the elite.

Official MCC documents state that corporation is a strategically important lever for spreading “soft power” of the United States and should be viewed as an important tool of US foreign policy. Program is built in such a way that local elites are faced with a choice: either not to get help, or to adjust their domestic policies. In 2009, current US president provided the corporation with 2.2 billion dollars. To date, 14 countries have used the corporation’s grants, including Armenia and Mongolia, for a total of $ 4.5 billion.

 

Penn’s Bob Honey Who Just Do Stuff and Social Issues

Sean Penn has recently opted out of the movie business, and he has decided to take on a new world of artistic expression: novel writing. His first novel has recently come out, and there is much being said about the content between the pages. While this is his first novel, it’s not his first writing project. In fact, he has published several other opinions pieces, and during his younger days, he worked as a war correspondent. He has recently put his other work aside to pen his novel titled “Bob Honey Who Just Do Stuff.”

The novel is known for the hilarious writing with a dystopian type setting, featuring a man that works as a septic-tank salesman with an undercover side job as a contract killer for the government sector in the U.S. Critics have already jumped on board, telling Penn not to quit his day job for writing, and he has been criticized for much of the content of the book. However, people are starting to realize that Bob Honey is just a character and not Penn himself.

Sean Penn recently went on a book tour where he discussed his book with many different people around the country. During his Bob Honey book tour, Penn was asked how it felt to be a novelist, and he discussed the comparison of feelings from finishing a book and finishing a screenplay. He has even hinted at writing another book, saying he has a few ideas up his sleeves. One interesting fact about “Bob Honey Who Just Do Stuff” is that Penn wrote the entire novel by dictation as opposed to typing away on a keyboard or typewriter, which is an interesting and unconventional way to write a book, much different than other writers out there.

Social Issues

This book, written by Sean Penn, is not just a book of dystopian context, but it is also riddled with social issues that are being brought to light in the pages of the novel. For one, Penn makes several references to the residing president as well as references to other non-political people. He uses a powerful prose writing style to get his message across, and unless the reader looks deeply, they will never see the in-depth references mentioned between the covers of this novel.

However, with a little digging, the reader can easily see which of the social issues he most cares about like civil conflicts, mass shootings, anger, and even the use of Scientology. Among the social issues most mentioned, Bob Honey seems to focus quite a bit on humanitarianism. Sean Penn helped with the cleanup efforts after the major earthquake in Hatti in 2010, and he even helped with the efforts after the 2005 Hurricane Katrina storm. He wanted his character to be the same humanitarian that Penn himself is on a daily basis.

The Violence

A major thing deal with in this novel is the issue of violence. The main character tends to be one that stands up to the bullies and ends up changing the idea of bullying altogether at the end. However, there is also some issues of violence where the protagonist deals with these issues. There is much concern for the violent nature of the country that Penn mentions several times throughout the novel.

Conclusion

There is much to be said about Sean Penn’s new novel, and while he seems to be putting away the movie business for a bit, his novel has been met with criticism and positive thoughts at the same time. In a way, he is just like every writer ever, and he has used his novel as a way to express his ideas on social issues between the covers.

The Increasing Role Of Social Media In The World Of Online Casinos

Whether the business is big or small, social media networks can play a huge role in helping them develop. This is thanks to them being excellent for attracting new customers, keeping existing customers entertained and informed, marketing new products and services and providing the vital link between a business and its customer base. With billions of people regularly using platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Snapchat, it’s no surprise businesses such as online casino brands are taking advantage of what social media has to offer.

For a start, engaging with customers these days is huge, especially on platforms such as Facebook. People who visit online casino sites they want to feel appreciated and not only that but they want the services on offer to be kept updated with fresh content. Through social media, it’s remarkably easy to inform customers and potential customers of the latest games, services and promotions on offer. Social media also allows reactions to be gauged accurately too through the use of likes and comments; which is invaluable to any successful service. It’s the ideal link between customers, both new and existing, and the business.

So apart from social media being great for marketing purposes it’s also a great way to actually get to know the customers too. When an online casino operator knows what a large part of their fan base wants from a slot game for example, they can set about ensuring that it accurately reflects their tastes as much as possible. It reduces a lot of risk involved when bringing fresh content to the table. Knowing what somebody likes beforehand is a great advantage and social media can help make this possible.

Keeping customers happy and interested is vital in the success of any business, be it online or offline. Online casinos, Unibet being a perfect example, are renowned for having promotions on for both new and existing customers and what better way to get the message out there than through the use of Facebook, Twitter and Instagram? It won’t just be members who take note either as special offers such as a triple deposit bonus will spread like wildfire on social media from person to person remarkably quickly.

Social media also allows for promotions, special offers and information to be presented to people in much more engaging ways through images and videos. Online casinos often utilize these methods well in order to communicate directly to people and as they will also attract more feedback than a generic Facebook post for example, they’re great tools to ascertain what customers like and dislike.

The role of social media has never been more important, especially for highly competitive businesses, as per seen in the online casino industry. It’s vital that customers are kept happy and are regularly engaged in the right ways and the likes of Facebook and Twitter make this a whole lot easier. With social media also being a hub for accurate feedback on the latest services and products, it’s a crucial tool when it comes to delivering the fresh content that people want and need.

Social Distortion’s Jonny Wickersham talks about debut solo release “Salvation Town”

Photo by Erika Harding

“Salvation Town” is the debut solo release from Social Distortion guitarist Jonny “Two Bags” Wickersham. Produced by David Kalish the album is an interesting departure from Wickersham’s previous body of work as the album is packed full of acoustical performances. Media Mikes had the chance to talk with Jonny recently about the album and what it was like working with Jackson Browne.

Adam Lawton:Can you give us a little background on your new solo album?
Jonny Wickersham: I started recording the album awhile back and it’s probably been 3 years now since we first started working on it. At the time when I started Social Distortion was very busy promoting and touring behind the “Hard Times and Nursery Rhythms” album. I didn’t initially have a lot of time to work on things. When I went in to record the first track it ended up being more than just working on the song but it was a chance for me to work with one of my idols, Pete Thomas who was Elvis Costello’s guy on drums. Once we finally got started things moved along pretty well and the whole experience was just great. I was really inspired by all the people who were willing to work with me on this album.

AL: What do you think was the main reason you waited until now to release a solo album?
JW: My good friend David Kalish who produced the album was always on me about doing a solo record. I kept putting it off because I didn’t think it was something I could do. I had always written songs however I never had any other vehicle to do them other than with the bands that I was in. I would write material and whether it was Mike Ness or the Cadillac Tramps or Duane Peters they would take what they liked from what I had brought in and then add their own parts especially, when it came to lyrics. I had never really learned to sell one of my songs or perform it. There’s a big difference between being in the recording studio and singing a song and being up in front of a crowd and playing. Then those two things are completely different from me sitting in my living room with an acoustic guitar performing for my cat. (Laughs)

AL: Can you tell us about some of the guest performers that appear on the record?
JW: The guest performers were something I didn’t put a lot of thought in to beforehand. Things just sort of happened off the cuff. I was certainly a fan of everyone involved and really worked out on a song to song basis. We did this record differently than what I am used to. I am used to working up songs as a band, demoing them and then going down to the studio to record the tracks. The bass and drums lay down a foundation and then everything else is built on top of that. There is a process to the whole thing. With “Salvation Town” it was much different. We laid down some acoustic guitar to a click track and then usually just Dave and I would go back and add a simple drum beat and bass line. From there we would try and think ahead of what the song could be. We would just have these ideas of about who might be able to add something really cool to the tracks. We ended up getting David Hidalgo from Los Lobos and his two sons David Jr. and Vincent, Gaby Moreno who was just so great and of course Jackson Browne. The song Jackson appears on is one that I have had for quite some time. It started out as straight ahead punk sounding song but with this being a different record I wanted to give it a different style. As we were working on it I said to David that I thought it could be Jackson Browne song. I never thought Jackson would be a possibility but David called me the day after mentioning and said that Jackson was down for it. I couldn’t believe it when a few weeks later Jackson came in to do his parts. Everything happened very organically. Having Jackson Browne and David Lindley on my album is just gnarly! (Laughs)

AL: Was there any point during the three years of working on the album that you got discouraged?
JW: There were so many discouraging times that I can’t even count. I am a stickler and very detail oriented. I am also one of those guys that have to exhaust every possibility so I was driving David crazy with this thing however; I think we balanced each other out perfectly in the studio. I wanted to make a good record that shows where I am at in my life while reflecting my influences. I didn’t want things to be over produced but at the same time I didn’t want it to sound like a demo. There were times where I wasn’t sure what was going to happen. That’s when I would get sketchy. It was all new to me. Fortunately over the years I have learned that you have to let things take their course.

AL: Do you have any plans to tour behind the release?
JW: Yes! As much as possible. We just recently played at South by South West. With the exception of the aweful tragedy that happened outside of the venue where we were playing the show was really great. It was trip being out there front and center. Every night I am always worried about how I am going to sound. (Laughs)