Film Review: “Lucy in the Sky”

Starring: Natalie Portman, Jon Hamm
Directed by: Noah HawleyRated:
Rated R
Running Time: 2 hrs 4 mins
Fox Searchlight

Like most North Korean missile tests, the disastrous melodrama “Lucy in the Sky” fails to achieve full lift-off and explodes into a million fiery pieces. Although we are told the story is inspired by real-life events, in truth it bears little resemblance to the bizarre 2007 actions of disgraced NASA astronaut Lisa Novak. Natalie Portman tackles her lead role with sheer abandon, but this turns into heavy-handed acting, resulting in an inability to take her seriously. First-time feature film director and co-writer Noah Hawley, whose previous directorial efforts have been limited to TV episodes of “Fargo” and “Legion,” has no sense of pacing as it veers aimlessly while making us feel like we just spent 40 days in the wilderness when it is over, which is the best part of the film. 

Pushed by an alcoholic mother (Ellen Burstyn) to be better than everyone else, astronaut Lucy Cola (Portman) achieves a career pinnacle by spending two weeks on the International Space Station. Like a wide-eyed Major Tom, Lucy loses herself as she gazes at Earth during a spacewalk outside the station’s confines. (Lucy should go blind during this opening sequence because she stares at the sun without having her gold, protective lens down, but who cares about science?)

 Upon her return to Earth, the childless Lucy immediately begins having problems readjusting to life with gravity. This includes her ever-increasing, distant relationship with her doting, religious husband, Drew Cola (Dan Stevens, TV series “Legion”), who seems to have been based upon Ned Flanders from “The Simpsons.” To her credit, Lucy does try to be a mentor to her teenage niece, Blue Iris (Pearl Amanda Dickson, TV series “Legion”), who looks up to her aunt as an inspiration. 

Routine family life doesn’t cut it for Lucy as she becomes determined to go back into space, and along the way she starts an affair with fellow astronaut Mark Goodwin (Hamm). She views him as one of only a select few who understands her, but Mark is a playboy. So, when Lucy runs off the rails, he steps away from her and turns his attention to up-and-coming astronaut Erin Eccles (Zazie Beetz, “Deadpool 2,” “Joker”). The idea of losing Mark to another woman, who is also her competition for a seat on the next mission, pushes Lucy over the edge. Naturally, she hatches a plot to do a dirty deed dirt cheap while enlisting her impressionable niece as her help.

 We are supposed to feel sympathy for Lucy as she struggles with her sanity, even after the story’s bizarre climax. However, this is a far-fetched idea by Hawley considering that if her plan succeeded someone would have probably died a violent death. As for the real facts, without spoiling too much and keeping it to a nutshell, Novak was married with three children during her approximately two-year affair with astronaut William Oefelein.

She was arrested in 2007 in Orlando for attempting to kidnap a U.S. Air Force Captain who had become romantically involved with Oefelien. Lastly, Hawley’s fumbling attempts at exploring existentialism throughout “Lucy in the Sky” are too muted to accrue any depth. He also under-utilizes Eccles and simply lets the film drag on far too long. 

Film Review #2 “Lucy”

Starring: Scarlett Johannson and Morgan Freeman
Directed by: Luc Besson
Rated: R
Running time: 1 hr 30 mins

Our Score: 3 out of 5 stars

In the film “Defending Your Life,” Albert Brooks told us that most people only use 3% of their brains. That percentage is the reason we all deal with fear, because “that’s what little brains do!” In the latest film from Luc Besson that average number has risen to 10%. But what if it were more? 20%? 40%? What if a human being could utilize 100% of their brain’s function? In the new film, “Lucy,” the title character finds out.

Ever since man began evolving, he (and she) had to continually learn and know more than their ancestors. Whether it’s first discovering the uses for fire or figuring out how to solve the Rubik’s Cube, our noggins contain a pretty important piece of our lives. When we first meet Lucy she is being hustled by a new boyfriend to take a locked case into a very public place and give it to someone. The more she declines the more desperate he becomes. Finally, without warning, he handcuffs the case to her wrist and forces her into the building. Things only get worse when, after delivering the package, she wakes up and learns that a bag of a new synthetic drug has been surgically implanted in her stomach. She and three other people are to fly to their respective countries, now acting as drug mules. However, when the bag inside Lucy ruptures the contents inside causes her to, literally, think outside the box.

Smartly conceived, “Lucy” is one of those great “what if” films you occasionally stumble across that has you thinking long after it’s ended. It’s almost like a hyped up version of the book “Flowers for Algernon,” which featured a mentally diminished character who, after being given an experimental drug, became a genius, albeit temporarily. Here, Lucy doesn’t regress. Within moments she is able to learn entire languages, diagnose medical problems and interface with electrical currents and radio waves. She contacts a well- known professor (Freeman) who has previously theorized what is now a reality. But will he be able to help her?

The film succeeds as well as it does thanks to the work of Johannson. She is often on screen alone, with the audience hearing her thoughts and watching her actions. If she wasn’t believable this would have been a very boring and one-note film. Freeman brings along his usual gravitas, which fits his character well. The one thing that throws off the smoothness of the film is that occasionally the movie will go from a “Luc Besson” film to a “LUC BESSON FILM!!” Best known for such films as “The Professional” and “The Fifth Element,” “Lucy” occasionally jumps genres and becomes an adrenaline filled action picture. Lots of gunplay and a really unnecessary car chase that almost seems forced takes you out of the story momentarily. It’s not that the scenes aren’t well done. They are. It’s just that they almost seem to have come from another film.

That being said, I still recommend the film. Its premise alone makes it an interesting watch. Though perhaps a little more “thought” could have gone into it.

Film Review “Lucy”

Directed by: Luc Besson
Starring: Scarlett Johansson, Morgan Freeman, Amr Waked, Choi Min-sik
Distributed by: Universal Pictures
MPAA Rating: R
Running time: 89 minutes

Our Score: 3 out of 5 stars

“We only use 10% of our brain. At 20% she can manipulate the world around her. At 40% she can control matter. At 60% she can stop time. What happens when she gets to 100%? … I have no idea”

When I saw the trailer for “Lucy”, I had it feeling that it was going to be awesome. I love Scarlett Johansson and it looks like she would be kick ass in the film. What is interesting though is that the trailer and the actual film are quite different, which both good and also bad. For the first 45 minutes or so of this film, I was literally in love with this film. I was sitting in my seat, mouth open and in awe of this film…then it went downhill. The third act of the film is a quite rushed and a bit of a letdown. Here is the thing though, I still kind loved this film and haven’t stopped thinking about it since, so I am a bit conflicted here. This film is less than 90 minutes and it is a rollercoaster ride from start to finish. I hope that this is one of the those films that grows on you since I still really want to love it.

Lucy is a girl that is just in the wrong place at the wrong time. She is forced to drop off a briefcase, in which she has no idea what the contents are, because of her dodgy boyfriend. Of course, the 1-2-3 hand off doesn’t go as expected and she is taken by a Korean gang and forced to harvest a new drug inside her intestines with plans to traffic it across the country. Crazy right? When things go wrong and the package is damaged while inside of her, it changes Lucy as her body absorbs the new and unknown drug in abundance. From then you have seen the trailers and you’ve heard that she is able to access more % of her brain and that leads to interesting circumstances as she adjusts to the drug and seeks revenge.

Scarlett Johansson was absolutely amazing. No joke, this was a bad-ass role with big shoes and she super nailed it. Her personality for Lucy was perfectly executed. From the subtle twitches to the dead face stares she was absolutely stunning. Another win for her after this year “Under the Skin”, which she was also quite amazing. Morgan Freeman is well…Morgan Freeman. I could listen to the guy read the instructions of a bottle of aspirin and love it. Amr Waked is not super well known in the US besides bit roles in films like “Contagion” but he was a great addition to the cast. If you are a fan of the Korean cult classic “Old Boy”, then you are going to love that fact that Choi Min-sik plays the main baddie in this and is absolutely amazing.

It is rare for me to say that but at 89 minutes, I actually wanted this film to be longer. When Lucy experiences the effects of the drugs, she goes from 10% to 40% in about an hour…and then zooms through to 100% in about 20 minutes. I could have see this being fleshed out much more, to be honest. In between all that, there is easily one of the coolest car chase scenes that I have seen in a while. It had some amazing stunts and super cool driving action. Like I said, you know when you are watching a film and it is so amazing and then just kind of ends too early and leaves you wanting more. That was the case here. I just loved this film and I wished it would have ended much better. I would still recommend this for all fans of Luc Besson and action/sci-fi fans.

Blu-ray Review “I Love Lucy: Ultimate Season 1”

Starring: Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, William Frawley, Vivian Vance
Number of discs: 6
Rated: Unrated
Studio: Paramount
DVD Release Date: May 6, 2014
Run Time: 907 minutes

Season: 4 out of 5 stars
Extras: 4 out of 5 stars

“I Love Lucy”, who doesn’t? This 1950’s classic television show is coming to Blu-ray thanks to CBS and Paramount Home Entertainment in this 6-disc Blu-ray release of “Ultimate Season 1”. This season includes the first 35 episodes of the show, which starred the legendary Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, William Frawley and Vivian Vance. This season includes some of the most beloved episodes includes “The Ballet”, “Pioneer Women” and “The Freezer”. These episodes are still hysterical today and that just proves how amazing this show was going strong still over 60 years later. I am looking forward to the rest of the seasons hopefully season two will come later this year, hint hint!

Official Synopsis: You’ve loved and laughed at Lucy, Ricky, Fred, and Ethel for years, but you’ve never seen I Love Lucy like this on glorious high-definition. Coming to Blu-ray in a highly collectible set with special gloss packaging that includes every episode from the first season, each one beautifully restored in high definition, in original night-of-broadcast form with original sponsor openings and closings. The set also includes a number of as yet undetailed special features, many never before released on home video.

These episodes are presented in their original aspect ratio: 1.33:1 and have never looked better. The pilot episode has also been remastered from a newly discovered original 35mm negative. The episodes look extremely crisp and have very sharp black color (since the show is black and white only). The audio comes with a PCM 2.0 mono track that has been cleaned up a bunch and really delivers the comedy aspects very well for this show. Paramount really has been great with restoring older shows to Blu-ray ala “Star Trek: The Next Generation”.

Here are a full listing of the episodes includes for season 1. “Pilot”; “The Girls Want to Go to a Nightclub”; “Be a Pal”; “The Diet”; “Lucy Thinks Ricky Is Trying to Murder Her”; “The Quiz Show”; “The Audition”; “The Séance”; “Men Are Messy”; “The Fur Coat”; “Lucy Is Jealous of a Girl Singer”; “Drafted”; “The Adagio”; “The Benefit”; “The Amateur Hour”; “Lucy Plays Cupid”; “Lucy Fakes Illness”; “Lucy Writes a Play”; “Breaking the Lease”; “The Ballet”; “The Young Fans”; “New Neighbors”, “Fred and Ethel Fight”; “The Moustache; “The Gossip”; “Pioneer Women”; “The Marriage License”; “The Kleptomaniac”; “Cuban Pals”; “The Freezer”; “Lucy Does a TV Commercial”; “The Publicity Agent”; “Lucy Gets Ricky on the Radio”; “Lucy’s Schedule”, “Ricky Thinks He’s Getting Bald” and “Ricky Asks for a Raise”

The special features are equally impressive as the season itself. First we have “I Love Lucy: The Very First Show CBS special”, which is a great. There are audio commentary on select episodes by Lucille Ball, Desi Arnes, Jess Oppenheimer, Madelyn Davis, Bob Carroll, Jr. and others. There are 13 episodes includes with alternate elements, which is a real nice bonus. There are on-set color “home movies” from the season. There are also selected episodes of Lucille Ball’s “My Favorite Husband” radio series. Lastly there are bloopers, guest cast bios, production notes and photo galleries included.

DVD Review “Here’s Lucy: The Complete Series”

Actors: Lucille Ball, Gale Gordon, Lucie Arnaz, Desi Arnaz Jr.
Number of discs: 24
Rated: NR (Not Rated)
DVD Release Date: March 25, 2014
Run Time: 4320 minutes

Series: 3.5 out of 5 stars
Extras: 4 out of 5 stars

After “I Love Lucy” ended in 1958, Lucille Ball went on to star in two other very successful series. The first being “The Lucy Show”, which ran on CBS from 1962 to 1968 (156 Episodes) to “Here’s Lucy” which ran from 1968 to 1974 (144 episodes). In “Here’s Lucy”, the show brought back veteran Gale Gordon along with Lucille Ball’s own real-life children, Lucie Arnaz and Desi Arnaz, Jr. I wanted alive during the original airing of this show but I recall it quite fondly due to syndication. There was also something about Lucille Ball that I just loved, could have been a first crush, who knows. She is an amazing actress, as well as very funny all throughout here career (except for “Life with Lucy” that will be try and forget). Thanks to MPI Home Video we are getting the complete series of “Here’s Lucy” with all 144 uncut and digitally remastered episodes together for the first time on DVD as a box set.

Like “The Lucy Show”, there was no shortage of guest stars for this show. It was a little slow in the beginning but in the last few seasons had a “guest star of the week”. When I say guest stars, I mean some of the biggest names in Hollywood at the time including Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton, Andy Griffith, Joan Rivers, Danny Thomas, Steve Lawrence & Eydie Gorme, Frankie Avalon, Eddie Albert, Milton Berle, Chuck Connors, Ed McMahon, Don Knotts, Donny Osmond, Eva Gabor, Joe Namath, Petula Clark, Ricardo Montalban, Elsa Lanchester and many many more. Speaking of as the show went on this show actually got better and better in the first few seasons. In fact, the third was definitely the best in my eyes. After that the show was still good but was on a slight decline though still quite enjoyable.

This Complete Series box set comes complete with each of the 144 episodes from this series, totaling up 4320 minutes, which would literally take you six days straight to watch in a row without bathroom breaks or food. Along with each season DVD, there is TONS of great special features included. Season one comes with new episode introductions on every single episode from either Lucie Arnaz or Desi Arnaz, Jr. and a few other surprises including Joseph Ruskin, Peggy Rae, Wayne Newton, and Bruce Gordon. The rest of the special features are located on disc 4. There is a feature on “Making the Main Title”, which is a cool animation sequence. “Meet the Carters” is a featurette with Lucie Arnaz and Desi Arnaz, Jr. talking about the series. “Let’s Talk to Lucy” is a radio program where Lucy interviews her co-star from “Here’s Lucy. feature. There are “Screen Tests” included but not from this show, which is strange, it is from the 1968 film “Yours, Mine, and Ours” for Lucie Arnaz and Desi Arnaz, Jr.

Still we season one we have “Slide Show”, which is a collection of photos from the first season with music in the background. Next is “Treasures from Lucy’s Vault”, this again isn’t directly related to “Here’s Lucy” but still a nice addition. “I Love Lucy Home Videos” is home movies from being on the road with “The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour”. “Lucy at LAX” contains extended footage shot for the episode “Lucy and the Great Airport Chase”. “The Chase” is a 1965 home video of Lucy and her husband, Gary Morton. “Lucy the Model” are a few more short videos of Lucy doing a little bit of modeling. Finally in the vault, “Golfing with Gleason” is footage of Gary Morton and Lucille Ball playing golf with Jackie Gleason. Lastly there are “Production Files” and tons of original CBS-TV Network & Syndication promos.

Season two brings us some more extras including new episode introductions on every single episode from either Lucie Arnaz or Desi Arnaz, Jr. Then again on disc 4 there are more extras including the featurette “Here’s Lucy: On Location” where Lucie Arnaz, Desi Arnaz, Jr. and others talk about producing episodes outside of the studio. “Let’s Talk to Lucy: Carol Burnett” is a radio interview with Carol Burnett from 1964. “Lucy Sings” is a short extra with Lucy performing on stage. “Lucie and Wayne Newton” is cool vintage footage with Lucie Arnaz talking and performing with with Wayne Newton in front of an audience. We again have another set of “Treasures From Lucy’s Vault”, which is more home videos including “Air Force Academy Adventures”, “Roll ‘Em On the River”, “Lucy Scouts the Rapids”, “At Home With Desi, Jr.” and “USC Honors Lucy”. Lastly there are “Production Files”, a slideshow and tons of original CBS-TV Network & Syndication promos.

Season three starts off with new episode introductions on every single episode from either Lucie Arnaz or Desi Arnaz, Jr. Then again on disc 4 there are more extras including the featurettes and the usual Let’s Talk to Lucy, Treasures from Lucy’s Vault, Production Files, Slide Show and Syndication Promos. A few highlights are “Lucy Meets the Burtons: A Comedic Gem” which is a new featurette with interviews from Lucie Arnaz, Production Executive Howard Rayfiel, Producer Cleo Smith, Columnist James Bacon, Property Master Ken Wescott, Television Critic Cecil Smith, Cue Card Operator Tommy Tucker, Hairstylist Irma Kusely, Writer Madelyn Davis and Carole Cook talking about the series. Also “Lucy with Jack Benny” from a 1971 special called “Everything You Wanted to Know About Jack Benny… But Were Afraid to Ask.” Lucy performs along with John Wayne and George Burns appearing.

If you aren’t seeing a trend here, they extras are pretty similar on each season. Season four continues the trend with new episode introductions on every single episode from either Lucie Arnaz or Desi Arnaz, Jr. Then again on disc 4 there are more extras including the featurettes and the usual Let’s Talk to Lucy, Treasures from Lucy’s Vault, Production Files, Slide Show and Syndication Promos. A few highlights “Here’s Harry”, which is a retrospective on Gale Gordon and features Lucie Arnaz and Desi Arnaz, Jr. talking about him and his career. “Let’s Talk to Lucy: Dinah Shore” is another interview with Lucy from her radio program chatting with Dinah Shore.

Almost done here, season five includes the new episode introductions on every single episode from either Lucie Arnaz or Desi Arnaz, Jr. Then again on disc 4 there are more extras including the featurettes and the usual Let’s Talk to Lucy, Treasures from Lucy’s Vault, Production Files, Slide Show and Syndication Promos. A few highlights are “Here’s Lucy Spotlight: Desi Arnaz, Jr.”, which features Lucie Arnaz and Desi Arnaz, Jr. talking about the actor’s career. “Let’s Talk to Lucy: Frank Sinatra”, one of my favorite since I love ole blue eyes, is a full audio clip of a radio interview that Lucy did with Frank Sinatra in 1965.

Finally the last season is here, how does anyone even have time to watch this entire series and then ALL of these special features. Season six doesn’t have the new episode introductions on every single episode from either Lucie Arnaz or Desi Arnaz, Jr…just kidding wanted to see if you were paying attention. Yes, they are also included on this season. Then again on disc 4 there are more extras including the featurettes and the usual Let’s Talk to Lucy, Treasures from Lucy’s Vault, Production Files, Slide Show and Syndication Promos. A few highlights “Let’s Talk to Lucy” which is more radio interviews that Lucy did with Andy Griffith on her radio show in March 1965. “Lucy on the Tennessee Ernie Ford Special” (8:36) is a fun skit from the 1968 Tennessee Ernie Ford Special. “Lucy and Vivian Vance on Dinah!” is an extended interview of Lucy from Dinah Shore’s show in 1975 where we get to see Lucy with a new look. Lastly there is a “Film Short: For a Wonderful Life!” introduced by Lucille Ball and Lucie Arnaz.

Interview with Lucy Liu and Michael Cudlitz

Lucy Liu and Michael Cudlitz are co-stars in TNT’s hit cop drama “Southland”.  Michael has been a part of the show since the beginning and Lucy is joining the show in it’s 4th season, which begins January 17th, 2012.  Media Mikes had a chance to chat with Lucy and Michael about working on the show and what we can expect from this exciting season.

Mike Smith: With “Southland”, Michael, you’ve been on there since the beginning, so how has the program changed over the four seasons for you, your character and both for you?
Michael Cudlitz: I think the show has sort of spent the last four years defining itself, being exactly what it hopes to be which is showing how crime and the life of being a police officer affects the officers themselves on a personal level.  You have to remember that we’ve done four years but only up until this year, we’ve only shot 23 episodes which is typically a single season for a show. That season would typically be spent finding its legs, finding out what the voice of the show is and finding out how best to show that voice and I think we’ve gotten to that point now.  I think the show is extremely representative of what we set out to do and we’re all extremely proud of it.

MS: Lucy, since you’re the new one on the show, I was wondering if you could talk a little bit about how coming into this, her partnership with Cooper is really going to affect the dynamic of the squad?
Lucy Liu:  I think it’s going to change the way that John Cooper is able to show himself on a different dynamic.  I think Michael can probably speak more about that, but I think working with somebody who’s not somebody that he needs to train allows him to show different colors about his character and you’ll see in the first episode. They have the ability to have a certain banter that gives them a nice familiarity and also shows that they’re equal.  You kind of get to see how their dynamic will blossom and how it sort of starts with both of them having undercurrents of emotional weight that they don’t want to reveal, but you can kind of feel it with their connection.
MC: Yes and they’re both coming back from something major in their lives and that being said, they’recoming back from a very similar thing.  They both have very strong differing opinions about what it is to be on the force at this particular moment in time.

MS: Michael, last year your character was in a pretty dark downward spiral and finally ended up checking into rehab at the end of the season.  Are we going to be jumping ahead or past his rehab experience or are we going to see him struggling to get better from last season?
MC: Well, what we’re going to do is we’re going to see, time is going to jump forward and that helps all of the relationships.  It moves Ben forward in his relationship because as we saw him, he was just finishing up his probation and he was just jumping into a car with Sammy, kind of moving into his next phase of training. Jumping forward, what it allows us to do is reset basically the entire show and every single partner relationship.  Ben is no longer training.  Ben is an officer.  He is full-on deep into being an officer because we’ve told the training story.  Now he’s going to actually be doing the job as an officer.  Same thing for John Cooper, John Cooper has, he checked in to get his back fixed which is the main thing that was connected to the prescription drug abuse. You have to remember that John had a back problem before he had a drug problem.  The two are extremely connected.  Now his back is fixed.  What does that mean for John?  John has to reenter the force.  He has to be re-qualified.  He is now riding with a seasoned officer, Lucy Liu, who will bring out different things in John that we’ve never seen before. He is just happy to be back on the force and it’s going to be very interesting to see what a physically fit John Cooper has to bring to Los Angeles.

MS: Lucy, can you talk about your relationship as new partners and what we have to look forward to from that?
LL: I think that what’s wonderful about the relationship is that they’re equals and they’re both P3 and they are both experienced and have been on the streets and have been cops for a while.  The dynamic is that John Cooper does not have to train her and she’s actually driving this time for a little while so you get to see a little bit of a changing character and you get to see a little bit about who she is because she’s introduced in the first episode obviously and John’s character gets to reveal a little bit different colors, different areas of his life that he hasn’t been able to show before because he’s been so busy either trying to, get out of rehab or get into rehab or get healthy and also that he doesn’t have to be the training officer in charge.

MS: Michael, almost from the start of your career, you’ve been on pretty much iconic television shows from “NYPD Blue” and “Band of Brothers” of course to now “Southland”.  Are you just an incredibly lucky actor or do you just really pursue just the quality projects?
MC:  I’m incredibly lucky.  I don’t think people actually, we laugh, it’s the truth.  A lot of it has to do with luck.  Obviously, you can hopefully position yourself to take advantage of opportunities when they come along and surround yourself with good, positive people but I have been extremely, extremely lucky in my career and I feel every day, on “Southland” especially, is a gift to be able to work on the kind of material we have, to be able to have creative input when there’s something that we don’t agree with and to be able to fight rigorously with that and not have some sort of voice from above, whether it be a studio or a network or a producing company say you know what, shut up and do your job.  That’s not the case.  We have wonderful creative conflict since the beginning on this show and it’s just been a really wonderful sort of pot of creativity to be in and its luck.  It really is.  A lot of it is luck. So thank you for acknowledging that, but yes, everything else we’ll just give over to a higher power because all I can do is worry about what I’m doing and the rest is just happening.  So I’m very pleased to be along for the ride.

MS: Lucy, how is this doing a television series different from doing a movie as you’ve done for quite a few years?  Do you enjoy it better?  Are you going back soon?
LL: First of all, I think that doing this show is very similar to doing an independent movie because they shoot so quickly and it’s sort of like guerrilla filmmaking which is really fun and you feel like you’re getting away with something, but you do have permits which is lucky so nobody is running you off the street.  Secondly, I think that it’s wonderful to be able to jump back and forth to do films and also television.  I think that’s something that I love doing. I think with television, you hit a different audience, people that are able to be at home and watch it with their families or they just don’t have time to go to the movies or they just, it’s just too much money at this point.  You get to just sort of do kind of all of it.  I’ve got three movies coming out at the end of March and I think, two of them are independent, well they’re all shot as independents and some of them may be more commercial than others, but I think that television is something that you know will always come out and you know will be seen.